|摘要(外文):|| Dr. Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925) was a Chinese revolutionary and first provisional president and founding father of the ROC, and he is also highly regarded as the Forerunner of the Revolution of the PRC. In recent years, the leaders of the Communist Party of China (CCP) have increasingly invoked Sun, consider themselves to be successors and pay homage to the ideals of his revolutionary business. Since the foundation of the PRC in 1949, CCP had fully implemented Marxism-Leninism. However, the final result have caused national poverty. When both the governments in Taipei and Beijing had celebrated the Xinhai revolution's 100th anniversary led by Sun Yat-sen, this text tries to analyze the implementation how Dr. Sun's Nationalism was practiced by the CCP in mainland China, in spite of its ideology is Marxism-Leninism.|
Many scholars believed that the PRC has actually thrown away the communism in substance, when they were developing its modernization programs. To have sustaining existence of its regime, CCP still insists on "the Four Cardinal Principles". however, and thus there are lots of contradictory and dialectic issues. Weaving together a lot of existing truths, the author identifies the PRC which has aspired after the Chinese nation's autonomy. Furthermore, PRC advances upon its great power in international diplomacy and national defense successfully, but they did not have a original driving force behind Dr. Sun's political thoughts. However, we believe that CCP should release itself from the binding of Marxist-Leninist ideology, substitute for the Dr. Sun' doctrine in order to achieve their modernity.