|摘要(外文):|| As for Dr. Sun's Principle of People' Livelihood on the economical development, which has a good deal of concrete opinion and implementing method, the Chinese scholar Chen Jin-long pointed out the Dr. Sun's thought is worth studying. Dr. Sun insisted on proceeding with the industry, and keeping up with trends of world tendency, and industry's plan will meet China's demands. The industry's plan not merely makes all people be rich, but also regards the industry and the national defense. If the country wants to be a superpower nation in one day, we have to pay attention to the nine basic tactics of revitalizing the industry, including: a) to develop multi-industries; b) to emphasize infrastructure construction; c) to implement compulsory education; d) to declare the open policy; e) to let the private or public enterprises co-exit; f) to regard the production and distribution as equally important; g) mutual aid and cooperation; h) equal employment opportunity; i) to take the good fruit and to avoid the evil consequence.|
The Development Strategy of Western China was crafted in 2000, in which the major contents are: a) to develop the characteristic industries; b) to accelerate the infrastructure construction; c) to develop the education of science and technology; d) to expand opening to the outside world; e) to establish the perfect public and private management system; f) to adjust the structure of expenditures ; g) to promote the regions harmonious development; h) to fulfill the policy of obtaining employment; i) to do the environmental protection construction well.
Since the Chinese government has implemented the Development Strategy of Western China, there are some achievements such as: a) to accelerate the economic growth; b) to complete the significant infrastructure; c) to improve the life quality in the countryside; d) to move forward ecological environment construction; e) to accelerate the educational development of Science and technology; f) to rapidly develop the characteristic industries; g) to promote the domestic demand effectively; h) to strengthened the opening to the outside world is strengthened.
Though some achievements have been made in the development of Western China, we must have clear comprehension of the severe challenges China faces during the period of economic development, i.e., the gap between urban and rural areas and between different regions has been enlarging, especially in such aspects as health care and education; issues regarding the countryside, agriculture and peasants become increasingly obvious. There are large quantities of surplus labor force in rural areas and quality of life of the rural population is in urgent need of improving and human resources need rapid development. Therefore, if we can follow Dr. Sun's thought and principle, there will be helpful to resolve the problems and to achieve the goal of building the new rural construction and the harmonious society in China.